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Sourcecode: tar version File versions

sparse.c

/* Functions for dealing with sparse files

   Copyright (C) 2003, 2004 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
   under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the
   Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option) any later
   version.

   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
   WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General
   Public License for more details.

   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
   with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
   59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.  */

#include "system.h"
#include <quotearg.h>
#include "common.h"

struct tar_sparse_file;

enum sparse_scan_state
  {
    scan_begin,
    scan_block,
    scan_end
  };

struct tar_sparse_optab
{
  bool (*init) (struct tar_sparse_file *);
  bool (*done) (struct tar_sparse_file *);
  bool (*sparse_member_p) (struct tar_sparse_file *);
  bool (*dump_header) (struct tar_sparse_file *);
  bool (*fixup_header) (struct tar_sparse_file *);
  bool (*decode_header) (struct tar_sparse_file *);
  bool (*scan_block) (struct tar_sparse_file *, enum sparse_scan_state,
                  void *);
  bool (*dump_region) (struct tar_sparse_file *, size_t);
  bool (*extract_region) (struct tar_sparse_file *, size_t);
};

struct tar_sparse_file
{
  int fd;                           /* File descriptor */
  size_t dumped_size;               /* Number of bytes actually written
                               to the archive */
  struct tar_stat_info *stat_info;  /* Information about the file */
  struct tar_sparse_optab *optab;
  void *closure;                    /* Any additional data optab calls might
                               reqiure */
};

static bool
tar_sparse_member_p (struct tar_sparse_file *file)
{
  if (file->optab->sparse_member_p)
    return file->optab->sparse_member_p (file);
  return false;
}

static bool
tar_sparse_init (struct tar_sparse_file *file)
{
  file->dumped_size = 0;
  if (file->optab->init)
    return file->optab->init (file);
  return true;
}

static bool
tar_sparse_done (struct tar_sparse_file *file)
{
  if (file->optab->done)
    return file->optab->done (file);
  return true;
}

static bool
tar_sparse_scan (struct tar_sparse_file *file, enum sparse_scan_state state,
             void *block)
{
  if (file->optab->scan_block)
    return file->optab->scan_block (file, state, block);
  return true;
}

static bool
tar_sparse_dump_region (struct tar_sparse_file *file, size_t i)
{
  if (file->optab->dump_region)
    return file->optab->dump_region (file, i);
  return false;
}

static bool
tar_sparse_extract_region (struct tar_sparse_file *file, size_t i)
{
  if (file->optab->extract_region)
    return file->optab->extract_region (file, i);
  return false;
}

static bool
tar_sparse_dump_header (struct tar_sparse_file *file)
{
  if (file->optab->dump_header)
    return file->optab->dump_header (file);
  return false;
}

static bool
tar_sparse_decode_header (struct tar_sparse_file *file)
{
  if (file->optab->decode_header)
    return file->optab->decode_header (file);
  return true;
}

static bool
tar_sparse_fixup_header (struct tar_sparse_file *file)
{
  if (file->optab->fixup_header)
    return file->optab->fixup_header (file);
  return true;
}


static bool
lseek_or_error (struct tar_sparse_file *file, off_t offset, int whence)
{
  if (lseek (file->fd, offset, whence) < 0)
    {
      seek_diag_details (file->stat_info->orig_file_name, offset);
      return false;
    }
  return true;
}

/* Takes a blockful of data and basically cruises through it to see if
   it's made *entirely* of zeros, returning a 0 the instant it finds
   something that is a nonzero, i.e., useful data.  */
static bool
zero_block_p (char *buffer, size_t size)
{
  while (size--)
    if (*buffer++)
      return false;
  return true;
}

#define clear_block(p) memset (p, 0, BLOCKSIZE);

#define SPARSES_INIT_COUNT SPARSES_IN_SPARSE_HEADER

static void
sparse_add_map (struct tar_sparse_file *file, struct sp_array *sp)
{
  if (file->stat_info->sparse_map == NULL)
    {
      file->stat_info->sparse_map =
      xmalloc (SPARSES_INIT_COUNT * sizeof file->stat_info->sparse_map[0]);
      file->stat_info->sparse_map_size = SPARSES_INIT_COUNT;
    }
  else if (file->stat_info->sparse_map_avail == file->stat_info->sparse_map_size)
    {
      file->stat_info->sparse_map_size *= 2;
      file->stat_info->sparse_map =
      xrealloc (file->stat_info->sparse_map,
              file->stat_info->sparse_map_size
              * sizeof file->stat_info->sparse_map[0]);
    }
  file->stat_info->sparse_map[file->stat_info->sparse_map_avail++] = *sp;
}

/* Scan the sparse file and create its map */
static bool
sparse_scan_file (struct tar_sparse_file *file)
{
  static char buffer[BLOCKSIZE];
  size_t count;
  size_t offset = 0;
  struct sp_array sp = {0, 0};

  if (!lseek_or_error (file, 0, SEEK_SET))
    return false;
  clear_block (buffer);

  file->stat_info->sparse_map_size = 0;
  file->stat_info->archive_file_size = 0;

  if (!tar_sparse_scan (file, scan_begin, NULL))
    return false;

  while ((count = safe_read (file->fd, buffer, sizeof buffer)) != 0
       && count != SAFE_READ_ERROR)
    {
      /* Analize the block */
      if (zero_block_p (buffer, count))
      {
        if (sp.numbytes)
          {
            sparse_add_map (file, &sp);
            sp.numbytes = 0;
            if (!tar_sparse_scan (file, scan_block, NULL))
            return false;
          }
      }
      else
      {
        if (sp.numbytes == 0)
          sp.offset = offset;
        sp.numbytes += count;
        file->stat_info->archive_file_size += count;
        if (!tar_sparse_scan (file, scan_block, buffer))
          return false;
      }

      offset += count;
      clear_block (buffer);
    }

  if (sp.numbytes == 0)
    sp.offset = offset;

  sparse_add_map (file, &sp);
  file->stat_info->archive_file_size += count;
  return tar_sparse_scan (file, scan_end, NULL);
}

static struct tar_sparse_optab oldgnu_optab;
static struct tar_sparse_optab star_optab;
static struct tar_sparse_optab pax_optab;

static bool
sparse_select_optab (struct tar_sparse_file *file)
{
  switch (current_format == DEFAULT_FORMAT ? archive_format : current_format)
    {
    case V7_FORMAT:
    case USTAR_FORMAT:
      return false;

    case OLDGNU_FORMAT:
    case GNU_FORMAT: /*FIXME: This one should disappear? */
      file->optab = &oldgnu_optab;
      break;

    case POSIX_FORMAT:
      file->optab = &pax_optab;
      break;

    case STAR_FORMAT:
      file->optab = &star_optab;
      break;

    default:
      return false;
    }
  return true;
}

static bool
sparse_dump_region (struct tar_sparse_file *file, size_t i)
{
  union block *blk;
  off_t bytes_left = file->stat_info->sparse_map[i].numbytes;

  if (!lseek_or_error (file, file->stat_info->sparse_map[i].offset,
                   SEEK_SET))
    return false;

  while (bytes_left > 0)
    {
      size_t bufsize = (bytes_left > BLOCKSIZE) ? BLOCKSIZE : bytes_left;
      size_t bytes_read;

      blk = find_next_block ();
      memset (blk->buffer, 0, BLOCKSIZE);
      bytes_read = safe_read (file->fd, blk->buffer, bufsize);
      if (bytes_read == SAFE_READ_ERROR)
      {
          read_diag_details (file->stat_info->orig_file_name,
                           file->stat_info->sparse_map[i].offset
                               + file->stat_info->sparse_map[i].numbytes
                               - bytes_left,
                   bufsize);
        return false;
      }

      bytes_left -= bytes_read;
      file->dumped_size += bytes_read;
      set_next_block_after (blk);
    }

  return true;
}

static bool
sparse_extract_region (struct tar_sparse_file *file, size_t i)
{
  size_t write_size;

  if (!lseek_or_error (file, file->stat_info->sparse_map[i].offset,
                   SEEK_SET))
    return false;

  write_size = file->stat_info->sparse_map[i].numbytes;

  if (write_size == 0)
    {
      /* Last block of the file is a hole */
      if (sys_truncate (file->fd))
      truncate_warn (file->stat_info->orig_file_name);
    }
  else while (write_size > 0)
    {
      size_t count;
      size_t wrbytes = (write_size > BLOCKSIZE) ? BLOCKSIZE : write_size;
      union block *blk = find_next_block ();
      if (!blk)
      {
        ERROR ((0, 0, _("Unexpected EOF in archive")));
        return false;
      }
      set_next_block_after (blk);
      count = full_write (file->fd, blk->buffer, wrbytes);
      write_size -= count;
      file->dumped_size += count;
      if (count != wrbytes)
      {
        write_error_details (file->stat_info->orig_file_name,
                         count, wrbytes);
        return false;
      }
    }
  return true;
}



/* Interface functions */
enum dump_status
sparse_dump_file (int fd, struct tar_stat_info *st)
{
  bool rc;
  struct tar_sparse_file file;

  file.stat_info = st;
  file.fd = fd;

  if (!sparse_select_optab (&file)
      || !tar_sparse_init (&file))
    return dump_status_not_implemented;

  rc = sparse_scan_file (&file);
  if (rc && file.optab->dump_region)
    {
      tar_sparse_dump_header (&file);

      if (fd >= 0)
      {
        size_t i;

        for (i = 0; rc && i < file.stat_info->sparse_map_avail; i++)
          rc = tar_sparse_dump_region (&file, i);
      }
    }

  pad_archive(file.stat_info->archive_file_size - file.dumped_size);
  return (tar_sparse_done (&file) && rc) ? dump_status_ok : dump_status_short;
}

/* Returns true if the file represented by stat is a sparse one */
bool
sparse_file_p (struct tar_stat_info *st)
{
  return (ST_NBLOCKS (st->stat)
        < (st->stat.st_size / ST_NBLOCKSIZE
           + (st->stat.st_size % ST_NBLOCKSIZE != 0)));
}

bool
sparse_member_p (struct tar_stat_info *st)
{
  struct tar_sparse_file file;

  if (!sparse_select_optab (&file))
    return false;
  file.stat_info = st;
  return tar_sparse_member_p (&file);
}

bool
sparse_fixup_header (struct tar_stat_info *st)
{
  struct tar_sparse_file file;

  if (!sparse_select_optab (&file))
    return false;
  file.stat_info = st;
  return tar_sparse_fixup_header (&file);
}

enum dump_status
sparse_extract_file (int fd, struct tar_stat_info *st, off_t *size)
{
  bool rc = true;
  struct tar_sparse_file file;
  size_t i;

  file.stat_info = st;
  file.fd = fd;

  if (!sparse_select_optab (&file)
      || !tar_sparse_init (&file))
    return dump_status_not_implemented;

  rc = tar_sparse_decode_header (&file);
  for (i = 0; rc && i < file.stat_info->sparse_map_avail; i++)
    rc = tar_sparse_extract_region (&file, i);
  *size = file.stat_info->archive_file_size - file.dumped_size;
  return (tar_sparse_done (&file) && rc) ? dump_status_ok : dump_status_short;
}

enum dump_status
sparse_skip_file (struct tar_stat_info *st)
{
  bool rc = true;
  struct tar_sparse_file file;

  file.stat_info = st;
  file.fd = -1;

  if (!sparse_select_optab (&file)
      || !tar_sparse_init (&file))
    return dump_status_not_implemented;

  rc = tar_sparse_decode_header (&file);
  skip_file (file.stat_info->archive_file_size);
  return (tar_sparse_done (&file) && rc) ? dump_status_ok : dump_status_short;
}


static char diff_buffer[BLOCKSIZE];

static bool
check_sparse_region (struct tar_sparse_file *file, off_t beg, off_t end)
{
  if (!lseek_or_error (file, beg, SEEK_SET))
    return false;

  while (beg < end)
    {
      size_t bytes_read;
      size_t rdsize = end - beg;

      if (rdsize > BLOCKSIZE)
      rdsize = BLOCKSIZE;
      clear_block (diff_buffer);
      bytes_read = safe_read (file->fd, diff_buffer, rdsize);
      if (bytes_read == SAFE_READ_ERROR)
      {
          read_diag_details (file->stat_info->orig_file_name,
                           beg,
                       rdsize);
        return false;
      }
      if (!zero_block_p (diff_buffer, bytes_read))
      {
        report_difference (file->stat_info,
                       _("File fragment at %lu is not a hole"), beg);
        return false;
      }

      beg += bytes_read;
    }
  return true;
}

static bool
check_data_region (struct tar_sparse_file *file, size_t i)
{
  size_t size_left;

  if (!lseek_or_error (file, file->stat_info->sparse_map[i].offset,
                   SEEK_SET))
    return false;
  size_left = file->stat_info->sparse_map[i].numbytes;
  while (size_left > 0)
    {
      size_t bytes_read;
      size_t rdsize = (size_left > BLOCKSIZE) ? BLOCKSIZE : size_left;

      union block *blk = find_next_block ();
      if (!blk)
      {
        ERROR ((0, 0, _("Unexpected EOF in archive")));
        return false;
      }
      set_next_block_after (blk);
      bytes_read = safe_read (file->fd, diff_buffer, rdsize);
      if (bytes_read == SAFE_READ_ERROR)
      {
          read_diag_details (file->stat_info->orig_file_name,
                       file->stat_info->sparse_map[i].offset
                               + file->stat_info->sparse_map[i].numbytes
                           - size_left,
                       rdsize);
        return false;
      }
      file->dumped_size += bytes_read;
      size_left -= bytes_read;
      if (memcmp (blk->buffer, diff_buffer, rdsize))
      {
        report_difference (file->stat_info, _("Contents differ"));
        return false;
      }
    }
  return true;
}

bool
sparse_diff_file (int fd, struct tar_stat_info *st)
{
  bool rc = true;
  struct tar_sparse_file file;
  size_t i;
  off_t offset = 0;

  file.stat_info = st;
  file.fd = fd;

  if (!sparse_select_optab (&file)
      || !tar_sparse_init (&file))
    return dump_status_not_implemented;

  rc = tar_sparse_decode_header (&file);
  for (i = 0; rc && i < file.stat_info->sparse_map_avail; i++)
    {
      rc = check_sparse_region (&file,
                        offset, file.stat_info->sparse_map[i].offset)
      && check_data_region (&file, i);
      offset = file.stat_info->sparse_map[i].offset
              + file.stat_info->sparse_map[i].numbytes;
    }

  if (!rc)
    skip_file (file.stat_info->archive_file_size - file.dumped_size);

  tar_sparse_done (&file);
  return rc;
}


/* Old GNU Format. The sparse file information is stored in the
   oldgnu_header in the following manner:

   The header is marked with type 'S'. Its `size' field contains
   the cumulative size of all non-empty blocks of the file. The
   actual file size is stored in `realsize' member of oldgnu_header.

   The map of the file is stored in a list of `struct sparse'.
   Each struct contains offset to the block of data and its
   size (both as octal numbers). The first file header contains
   at most 4 such structs (SPARSES_IN_OLDGNU_HEADER). If the map
   contains more structs, then the field `isextended' of the main
   header is set to 1 (binary) and the `struct sparse_header'
   header follows, containing at most 21 following structs
   (SPARSES_IN_SPARSE_HEADER). If more structs follow, `isextended'
   field of the extended header is set and next  next extension header
   follows, etc... */

enum oldgnu_add_status
  {
    add_ok,
    add_finish,
    add_fail
  };

static bool
oldgnu_sparse_member_p (struct tar_sparse_file *file __attribute__ ((unused)))
{
  return current_header->header.typeflag == GNUTYPE_SPARSE;
}

/* Add a sparse item to the sparse file and its obstack */
static enum oldgnu_add_status
oldgnu_add_sparse (struct tar_sparse_file *file, struct sparse *s)
{
  struct sp_array sp;

  if (s->numbytes[0] == '\0')
    return add_finish;
  sp.offset = OFF_FROM_HEADER (s->offset);
  sp.numbytes = SIZE_FROM_HEADER (s->numbytes);
  if (sp.offset < 0
      || file->stat_info->stat.st_size < sp.offset + sp.numbytes
      || file->stat_info->archive_file_size < 0)
    return add_fail;

  sparse_add_map (file, &sp);
  return add_ok;
}

static bool
oldgnu_fixup_header (struct tar_sparse_file *file)
{
  /* NOTE! st_size was initialized from the header
     which actually contains archived size. The following fixes it */
  file->stat_info->archive_file_size = file->stat_info->stat.st_size;
  file->stat_info->stat.st_size =
                OFF_FROM_HEADER (current_header->oldgnu_header.realsize);
  return true;
}

/* Convert old GNU format sparse data to internal representation */
static bool
oldgnu_get_sparse_info (struct tar_sparse_file *file)
{
  size_t i;
  union block *h = current_header;
  int ext_p;
  static enum oldgnu_add_status rc;

  file->stat_info->sparse_map_size = 0;
  for (i = 0; i < SPARSES_IN_OLDGNU_HEADER; i++)
    {
      rc = oldgnu_add_sparse (file, &h->oldgnu_header.sp[i]);
      if (rc != add_ok)
      break;
    }

  for (ext_p = h->oldgnu_header.isextended;
       rc == add_ok && ext_p; ext_p = h->sparse_header.isextended)
    {
      h = find_next_block ();
      if (!h)
      {
        ERROR ((0, 0, _("Unexpected EOF in archive")));
        return false;
      }
      set_next_block_after (h);
      for (i = 0; i < SPARSES_IN_SPARSE_HEADER && rc == add_ok; i++)
      rc = oldgnu_add_sparse (file, &h->sparse_header.sp[i]);
    }

  if (rc == add_fail)
    {
      ERROR ((0, 0, _("%s: invalid sparse archive member"),
            file->stat_info->orig_file_name));
      return false;
    }
  return true;
}

static void
oldgnu_store_sparse_info (struct tar_sparse_file *file, size_t *pindex,
                    struct sparse *sp, size_t sparse_size)
{
  for (; *pindex < file->stat_info->sparse_map_avail
       && sparse_size > 0; sparse_size--, sp++, ++*pindex)
    {
      OFF_TO_CHARS (file->stat_info->sparse_map[*pindex].offset,
                sp->offset);
      SIZE_TO_CHARS (file->stat_info->sparse_map[*pindex].numbytes,
                 sp->numbytes);
    }
}

static bool
oldgnu_dump_header (struct tar_sparse_file *file)
{
  off_t block_ordinal = current_block_ordinal ();
  union block *blk;
  size_t i;

  blk = start_header (file->stat_info);
  blk->header.typeflag = GNUTYPE_SPARSE;
  if (file->stat_info->sparse_map_avail > SPARSES_IN_OLDGNU_HEADER)
    blk->oldgnu_header.isextended = 1;

  /* Store the real file size */
  OFF_TO_CHARS (file->stat_info->stat.st_size, blk->oldgnu_header.realsize);
  /* Store the effective (shrunken) file size */
  OFF_TO_CHARS (file->stat_info->archive_file_size, blk->header.size);

  i = 0;
  oldgnu_store_sparse_info (file, &i,
                      blk->oldgnu_header.sp,
                      SPARSES_IN_OLDGNU_HEADER);
  blk->oldgnu_header.isextended = i < file->stat_info->sparse_map_avail;
  finish_header (file->stat_info, blk, block_ordinal);

  while (i < file->stat_info->sparse_map_avail)
    {
      blk = find_next_block ();
      memset (blk->buffer, 0, BLOCKSIZE);
      oldgnu_store_sparse_info (file, &i,
                        blk->sparse_header.sp,
                        SPARSES_IN_SPARSE_HEADER);
      set_next_block_after (blk);
      if (i < file->stat_info->sparse_map_avail)
      blk->sparse_header.isextended = 1;
      else
      break;
    }
  return true;
}

static struct tar_sparse_optab oldgnu_optab = {
  NULL,  /* No init function */
  NULL,  /* No done function */
  oldgnu_sparse_member_p,
  oldgnu_dump_header,
  oldgnu_fixup_header,
  oldgnu_get_sparse_info,
  NULL,  /* No scan_block function */
  sparse_dump_region,
  sparse_extract_region,
};


/* Star */

static bool
star_sparse_member_p (struct tar_sparse_file *file __attribute__ ((unused)))
{
  return current_header->header.typeflag == GNUTYPE_SPARSE;
}

static bool
star_fixup_header (struct tar_sparse_file *file)
{
  /* NOTE! st_size was initialized from the header
     which actually contains archived size. The following fixes it */
  file->stat_info->archive_file_size = file->stat_info->stat.st_size;
  file->stat_info->stat.st_size =
            OFF_FROM_HEADER (current_header->star_in_header.realsize);
  return true;
}

/* Convert STAR format sparse data to internal representation */
static bool
star_get_sparse_info (struct tar_sparse_file *file)
{
  size_t i;
  union block *h = current_header;
  int ext_p;
  static enum oldgnu_add_status rc;

  file->stat_info->sparse_map_size = 0;

  if (h->star_in_header.prefix[0] == '\0'
      && h->star_in_header.sp[0].offset[10] != '\0')
    {
      /* Old star format */
      for (i = 0; i < SPARSES_IN_STAR_HEADER; i++)
      {
        rc = oldgnu_add_sparse (file, &h->star_in_header.sp[i]);
        if (rc != add_ok)
          break;
      }
      ext_p = h->star_in_header.isextended;
    }
  else
    ext_p = 1;

  for (; rc == add_ok && ext_p; ext_p = h->star_ext_header.isextended)
    {
      h = find_next_block ();
      if (!h)
      {
        ERROR ((0, 0, _("Unexpected EOF in archive")));
        return false;
      }
      set_next_block_after (h);
      for (i = 0; i < SPARSES_IN_STAR_EXT_HEADER && rc == add_ok; i++)
      rc = oldgnu_add_sparse (file, &h->star_ext_header.sp[i]);
    }

  if (rc == add_fail)
    {
      ERROR ((0, 0, _("%s: invalid sparse archive member"),
            file->stat_info->orig_file_name));
      return false;
    }
  return true;
}


static struct tar_sparse_optab star_optab = {
  NULL,  /* No init function */
  NULL,  /* No done function */
  star_sparse_member_p,
  NULL,
  star_fixup_header,
  star_get_sparse_info,
  NULL,  /* No scan_block function */
  NULL, /* No dump region function */
  sparse_extract_region,
};


/* GNU PAX sparse file format. The sparse file map is stored in
   x header:

   GNU.sparse.size      Real size of the stored file
   GNU.sparse.numblocks Number of blocks in the sparse map
   repeat numblocks time
     GNU.sparse.offset    Offset of the next data block
     GNU.sparse.numbytes  Size of the next data block
   end repeat
*/

static bool
pax_sparse_member_p (struct tar_sparse_file *file)
{
  return file->stat_info->archive_file_size != file->stat_info->stat.st_size;
}

static bool
pax_dump_header (struct tar_sparse_file *file)
{
  off_t block_ordinal = current_block_ordinal ();
  union block *blk;
  size_t i;

  /* Store the real file size */
  xheader_store ("GNU.sparse.size", file->stat_info, NULL);
  xheader_store ("GNU.sparse.numblocks", file->stat_info, NULL);
  for (i = 0; i < file->stat_info->sparse_map_avail; i++)
    {
      xheader_store ("GNU.sparse.offset", file->stat_info, &i);
      xheader_store ("GNU.sparse.numbytes", file->stat_info, &i);
    }

  blk = start_header (file->stat_info);
  /* Store the effective (shrunken) file size */
  OFF_TO_CHARS (file->stat_info->archive_file_size, blk->header.size);
  finish_header (file->stat_info, blk, block_ordinal);
  return true;
}

static struct tar_sparse_optab pax_optab = {
  NULL,  /* No init function */
  NULL,  /* No done function */
  pax_sparse_member_p,
  pax_dump_header,
  NULL,  /* No decode_header function */
  NULL,  /* No fixup_header function */
  NULL,  /* No scan_block function */
  sparse_dump_region,
  sparse_extract_region,
};


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