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Sourcecode: tar version File versions

compare.c

/* Diff files from a tar archive.

   Copyright (C) 1988, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1996, 1997, 1999, 2000, 2001,
   2003, 2004 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

   Written by John Gilmore, on 1987-04-30.

   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
   under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the
   Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option) any later
   version.

   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
   WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General
   Public License for more details.

   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
   with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
   59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.  */

#include "system.h"

#if HAVE_UTIME_H
# include <utime.h>
#else
struct utimbuf
  {
    long actime;
    long modtime;
  };
#endif

#if HAVE_LINUX_FD_H
# include <linux/fd.h>
#endif

#include <quotearg.h>

#include "common.h"
#include "rmt.h"
#include <stdarg.h>

/* Nonzero if we are verifying at the moment.  */
bool now_verifying;

/* File descriptor for the file we are diffing.  */
static int diff_handle;

/* Area for reading file contents into.  */
static char *diff_buffer;

/* Initialize for a diff operation.  */
void
diff_init (void)
{
  diff_buffer = valloc (record_size);
  if (!diff_buffer)
    xalloc_die ();
}

/* Sigh about something that differs by writing a MESSAGE to stdlis,
   given MESSAGE is nonzero.  Also set the exit status if not already.  */
void
report_difference (struct tar_stat_info *st __attribute__ ((unused)),
               const char *fmt, ...)
{
  if (fmt)
    {
      va_list ap;

      fprintf (stdlis, "%s: ", quotearg_colon (current_stat_info.file_name));
      va_start (ap, fmt);
      vfprintf (stdlis, fmt, ap);
      va_end (ap);
      fprintf (stdlis, "\n");
    }

  if (exit_status == TAREXIT_SUCCESS)
    exit_status = TAREXIT_DIFFERS;
}

/* Take a buffer returned by read_and_process and do nothing with it.  */
static int
process_noop (size_t size __attribute__ ((unused)),
            char *data __attribute__ ((unused)))
{
  return 1;
}

static int
process_rawdata (size_t bytes, char *buffer)
{
  size_t status = safe_read (diff_handle, diff_buffer, bytes);

  if (status != bytes)
    {
      if (status == SAFE_READ_ERROR)
      {
        read_error (current_stat_info.file_name);
        report_difference (&current_stat_info, NULL);
      }
      else
      {
        report_difference (&current_stat_info,
                       ngettext ("Could only read %lu of %lu byte",
                               "Could only read %lu of %lu bytes",
                               bytes),
                       (unsigned long) status, (unsigned long) bytes);
      }
      return 0;
    }

  if (memcmp (buffer, diff_buffer, bytes))
    {
      report_difference (&current_stat_info,
                   _("Contents differ"));
      return 0;
    }

  return 1;
}

/* Directory contents, only for GNUTYPE_DUMPDIR.  */

static char *dumpdir_cursor;

static int
process_dumpdir (size_t bytes, char *buffer)
{
  if (memcmp (buffer, dumpdir_cursor, bytes))
    {
      report_difference (&current_stat_info, _("Contents differ"));
      return 0;
    }

  dumpdir_cursor += bytes;
  return 1;
}

/* Some other routine wants SIZE bytes in the archive.  For each chunk
   of the archive, call PROCESSOR with the size of the chunk, and the
   address of the chunk it can work with.  The PROCESSOR should return
   nonzero for success.  It it return error once, continue skipping
   without calling PROCESSOR anymore.  */
static void
read_and_process (off_t size, int (*processor) (size_t, char *))
{
  union block *data_block;
  size_t data_size;

  if (multi_volume_option)
    save_sizeleft = size;
  while (size)
    {
      data_block = find_next_block ();
      if (! data_block)
      {
        ERROR ((0, 0, _("Unexpected EOF in archive")));
        return;
      }

      data_size = available_space_after (data_block);
      if (data_size > size)
      data_size = size;
      if (!(*processor) (data_size, data_block->buffer))
      processor = process_noop;
      set_next_block_after ((union block *)
                      (data_block->buffer + data_size - 1));
      size -= data_size;
      if (multi_volume_option)
      save_sizeleft -= data_size;
    }
}

/* Call either stat or lstat over STAT_DATA, depending on
   --dereference (-h), for a file which should exist.  Diagnose any
   problem.  Return nonzero for success, zero otherwise.  */
static int
get_stat_data (char const *file_name, struct stat *stat_data)
{
  int status = deref_stat (dereference_option, file_name, stat_data);

  if (status != 0)
    {
      if (errno == ENOENT)
      stat_warn (file_name);
      else
      stat_error (file_name);
      report_difference (&current_stat_info, NULL);
      return 0;
    }

  return 1;
}

/* Diff a file against the archive.  */
void
diff_archive (void)
{
  struct stat stat_data;
  int status;
  struct utimbuf restore_times;

  set_next_block_after (current_header);
  decode_header (current_header, &current_stat_info, &current_format, 1);

  /* Print the block from current_header and current_stat_info.  */

  if (verbose_option)
    {
      if (now_verifying)
      fprintf (stdlis, _("Verify "));
      print_header (&current_stat_info, -1);
    }

  switch (current_header->header.typeflag)
    {
    default:
      ERROR ((0, 0, _("%s: Unknown file type '%c', diffed as normal file"),
            quotearg_colon (current_stat_info.file_name),
            current_header->header.typeflag));
      /* Fall through.  */

    case AREGTYPE:
    case REGTYPE:
    case GNUTYPE_SPARSE:
    case CONTTYPE:

      /* Appears to be a file.  See if it's really a directory.  */

      if (current_stat_info.had_trailing_slash)
      goto really_dir;

      if (!get_stat_data (current_stat_info.file_name, &stat_data))
      {
        skip_member ();
        goto quit;
      }

      if (!S_ISREG (stat_data.st_mode))
      {
        report_difference (&current_stat_info, _("File type differs"));
        skip_member ();
        goto quit;
      }

      if ((current_stat_info.stat.st_mode & MODE_ALL) !=
        (stat_data.st_mode & MODE_ALL))
      report_difference (&current_stat_info, _("Mode differs"));

      if (!sys_compare_uid (&stat_data, &current_stat_info.stat))
      report_difference (&current_stat_info, _("Uid differs"));
      if (!sys_compare_gid (&stat_data, &current_stat_info.stat))
      report_difference (&current_stat_info, _("Gid differs"));

      if (stat_data.st_mtime != current_stat_info.stat.st_mtime)
      report_difference (&current_stat_info, _("Mod time differs"));
      if (current_header->header.typeflag != GNUTYPE_SPARSE &&
        stat_data.st_size != current_stat_info.stat.st_size)
      {
        report_difference (&current_stat_info, _("Size differs"));
        skip_member ();
        goto quit;
      }

      diff_handle = open (current_stat_info.file_name, O_RDONLY | O_BINARY);

      if (diff_handle < 0)
      {
        open_error (current_stat_info.file_name);
        skip_member ();
        report_difference (&current_stat_info, NULL);
        goto quit;
      }

      restore_times.actime = stat_data.st_atime;
      restore_times.modtime = stat_data.st_mtime;

      /* Need to treat sparse files completely differently here.  */

      if (current_stat_info.is_sparse)
      sparse_diff_file (diff_handle, &current_stat_info);
      else
      {
        if (multi_volume_option)
          {
            assign_string (&save_name, current_stat_info.file_name);
            save_totsize = current_stat_info.stat.st_size;
            /* save_sizeleft is set in read_and_process.  */
          }

        read_and_process (current_stat_info.stat.st_size, process_rawdata);

        if (multi_volume_option)
          assign_string (&save_name, 0);
      }

      status = close (diff_handle);
      if (status != 0)
      close_error (current_stat_info.file_name);

      if (atime_preserve_option)
      utime (current_stat_info.file_name, &restore_times);

    quit:
      break;

    case LNKTYPE:
      {
      struct stat file_data;
      struct stat link_data;

      if (!get_stat_data (current_stat_info.file_name, &file_data))
        break;
      if (!get_stat_data (current_stat_info.link_name, &link_data))
        break;
      if (!sys_compare_links (&file_data, &link_data))
        report_difference (&current_stat_info,
                       _("Not linked to %s"),
                       quote (current_stat_info.link_name));
      }
      break;

#ifdef HAVE_READLINK
    case SYMTYPE:
      {
      size_t len = strlen (current_stat_info.link_name);
      char *linkbuf = alloca (len + 1);

      status = readlink (current_stat_info.file_name, linkbuf, len + 1);

      if (status < 0)
        {
          if (errno == ENOENT)
            readlink_warn (current_stat_info.file_name);
          else
            readlink_error (current_stat_info.file_name);
          report_difference (&current_stat_info, NULL);
        }
      else if (status != len
             || strncmp (current_stat_info.link_name, linkbuf, len) != 0)
        report_difference (&current_stat_info, _("Symlink differs"));

      break;
      }
#endif

    case CHRTYPE:
    case BLKTYPE:
    case FIFOTYPE:

      /* FIXME: deal with umask.  */

      if (!get_stat_data (current_stat_info.file_name, &stat_data))
      break;

      if (current_header->header.typeflag == CHRTYPE
        ? !S_ISCHR (stat_data.st_mode)
        : current_header->header.typeflag == BLKTYPE
        ? !S_ISBLK (stat_data.st_mode)
        : /* current_header->header.typeflag == FIFOTYPE */
        !S_ISFIFO (stat_data.st_mode))
      {
        report_difference (&current_stat_info, _("File type differs"));
        break;
      }

      if ((current_header->header.typeflag == CHRTYPE
         || current_header->header.typeflag == BLKTYPE)
        && current_stat_info.stat.st_rdev != stat_data.st_rdev)
      {
        report_difference (&current_stat_info, _("Device number differs"));
        break;
      }

      if ((current_stat_info.stat.st_mode & MODE_ALL) != (stat_data.st_mode & MODE_ALL))
      {
        report_difference (&current_stat_info, _("Mode differs"));
        break;
      }

      break;

    case GNUTYPE_DUMPDIR:
      {
      char *dumpdir_buffer = get_directory_contents (current_stat_info.file_name, 0);

      if (multi_volume_option)
        {
          assign_string (&save_name, current_stat_info.file_name);
          save_totsize = current_stat_info.stat.st_size;
          /* save_sizeleft is set in read_and_process.  */
        }

      if (dumpdir_buffer)
        {
          dumpdir_cursor = dumpdir_buffer;
          read_and_process (current_stat_info.stat.st_size, process_dumpdir);
          free (dumpdir_buffer);
        }
      else
        read_and_process (current_stat_info.stat.st_size, process_noop);

      if (multi_volume_option)
        assign_string (&save_name, 0);
      /* Fall through.  */
      }

    case DIRTYPE:
    really_dir:
      if (!get_stat_data (current_stat_info.file_name, &stat_data))
      break;

      if (!S_ISDIR (stat_data.st_mode))
      {
        report_difference (&current_stat_info, _("File type differs"));
        break;
      }

      if ((current_stat_info.stat.st_mode & MODE_ALL) != (stat_data.st_mode & MODE_ALL))
      {
        report_difference (&current_stat_info, _("Mode differs"));
        break;
      }

      break;

    case GNUTYPE_VOLHDR:
      break;

    case GNUTYPE_MULTIVOL:
      {
      off_t offset;

      if (current_stat_info.had_trailing_slash)
        goto really_dir;

      if (!get_stat_data (current_stat_info.file_name, &stat_data))
        break;

      if (!S_ISREG (stat_data.st_mode))
        {
          report_difference (&current_stat_info, _("File type differs"));
          skip_member ();
          break;
        }

      offset = OFF_FROM_HEADER (current_header->oldgnu_header.offset);
      if (stat_data.st_size != current_stat_info.stat.st_size + offset)
        {
          report_difference (&current_stat_info, _("Size differs"));
          skip_member ();
          break;
        }

      diff_handle = open (current_stat_info.file_name, O_RDONLY | O_BINARY);

      if (diff_handle < 0)
        {
          open_error (current_stat_info.file_name);
          report_difference (&current_stat_info, NULL);
          skip_member ();
          break;
        }

      if (lseek (diff_handle, offset, SEEK_SET) < 0)
        {
          seek_error_details (current_stat_info.file_name, offset);
          report_difference (&current_stat_info, NULL);
          break;
        }

      if (multi_volume_option)
        {
          assign_string (&save_name, current_stat_info.file_name);
          save_totsize = stat_data.st_size;
          /* save_sizeleft is set in read_and_process.  */
        }

      read_and_process (current_stat_info.stat.st_size, process_rawdata);

      if (multi_volume_option)
        assign_string (&save_name, 0);

      status = close (diff_handle);
      if (status != 0)
        close_error (current_stat_info.file_name);

      break;
      }
    }
}

void
verify_volume (void)
{
  if (!diff_buffer)
    diff_init ();

  /* Verifying an archive is meant to check if the physical media got it
     correctly, so try to defeat clever in-memory buffering pertaining to
     this particular media.  On Linux, for example, the floppy drive would
     not even be accessed for the whole verification.

     The code was using fsync only when the ioctl is unavailable, but
     Marty Leisner says that the ioctl does not work when not preceded by
     fsync.  So, until we know better, or maybe to please Marty, let's do it
     the unbelievable way :-).  */

#if HAVE_FSYNC
  fsync (archive);
#endif
#ifdef FDFLUSH
  ioctl (archive, FDFLUSH);
#endif

#ifdef MTIOCTOP
  {
    struct mtop operation;
    int status;

    operation.mt_op = MTBSF;
    operation.mt_count = 1;
    if (status = rmtioctl (archive, MTIOCTOP, (char *) &operation), status < 0)
      {
      if (errno != EIO
          || (status = rmtioctl (archive, MTIOCTOP, (char *) &operation),
            status < 0))
        {
#endif
          if (rmtlseek (archive, (off_t) 0, SEEK_SET) != 0)
            {
            /* Lseek failed.  Try a different method.  */
            seek_warn (archive_name_array[0]);
            return;
            }
#ifdef MTIOCTOP
        }
      }
  }
#endif

  access_mode = ACCESS_READ;
  now_verifying = 1;

  flush_read ();
  while (1)
    {
      enum read_header status = read_header (false);

      if (status == HEADER_FAILURE)
      {
        int counter = 0;

        do
          {
            counter++;
            status = read_header (false);
          }
        while (status == HEADER_FAILURE);

        ERROR ((0, 0,
              ngettext ("VERIFY FAILURE: %d invalid header detected",
                      "VERIFY FAILURE: %d invalid headers detected",
                      counter), counter));
      }
      if (status == HEADER_ZERO_BLOCK || status == HEADER_END_OF_FILE)
      break;

      diff_archive ();
    }

  access_mode = ACCESS_WRITE;
  now_verifying = 0;
}

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